10 Oldest Dog Breeds in the World


Originating from Central Africa, the Basenji is one of the oldest dog breeds, known for its unique yodel-like vocalization and keen hunting skills. This breed has been prized for centuries for its agility and independent nature.


Hailing from ancient Egypt, the Saluki is a graceful and elegant sighthound. Revered for its speed and endurance, this breed has been treasured for thousands of years as a hunting companion and royal companion.

Akita Inu

The Akita Inu, native to Japan, is a powerful and loyal breed with a history that dates back thousands of years. Originally bred for hunting and guarding, these dogs are known for their courage and unwavering loyalty.

Chow Chow

Originating from China, the Chow Chow is one of the oldest dog breeds still in existence today. With their distinctive lion-like appearance and independent nature, these dogs have been cherished as companions and guardians throughout history.

Shiba Inu

Another ancient Japanese breed, the Shiba Inu, is known for its spirited and alert nature. Revered for its hunting abilities and compact size, this breed has a strong connection to Japanese culture and heritage.

Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is an ancient breed with origins in Afghanistan. Renowned for its striking beauty and flowing coat, this regal dog has a history intertwined with nomadic tribes and served as a skilled hunter and guardian.

Basque Shepherd

The Basque Shepherd, native to the Basque region of Spain, is an ancient herding breed. Known for their intelligence and agility, these dogs have been instrumental in helping shepherds manage livestock for centuries.

Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff is an ancient breed originating from the Himalayan region. Revered as guardians of monasteries and nomadic camps, these majestic dogs possess a strong protective instinct and loyalty to their families.

Irish Wolfhound

With a history dating back to ancient Ireland, the Irish Wolfhound is one of the oldest and tallest dog breeds. Bred for hunting wolves and guarding, these gentle giants have left an indelible mark on Irish folklore and history.

Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound, believed to have originated in ancient Egypt, is a breed known for its grace, speed, and loyalty. Often depicted in ancient Egyptian art, this dog has a regal presence and a deep connection to its ancestral homeland.